History Oakville, ON
History is important to Oakville. If you were born in Oakville to know who first came to Oakville, who named Oakville, who are the most important people of years gone by relating to Oakville. Virtual Walk tries to find the most accurate information describing the history details of who first came to Oakville and how Oakville came about. These questions should all be answered on Oakville's history. If your child had to write an essay on Oakville, they'll have no need to look any further than Virtual Walk. When visiting historical places in Oakville try combining your visit with entertainment in Oakville.
In 1793, Dundas Street was surveyed for a military road. In 1805, the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada bought the lands between Etobicoke and Hamilton from the Mississaugas aboriginal people, except for the land at the mouths of Twelve Mile Creek known today as Bronte Creek, Sixteen Mile Creek, and along the Credit River. In 1807, British immigrants settled the area surrounding Dundas Street as well as on the shore of Lake Ontario. In 1820, the Crown bought the area surrounding the waterways. The area around the creeks ceded to the Crown by the Mississaugas. Oakville was founded in 1827 by Colonel William Chisholm (1788-1842), an enterprising merchant and shipbuilder. Chisholm purchased 960 acres of Crown Land at the mouth of Sixteen Mile Creek where he soon established the first privately owned harbour in Upper Canada soon the harbour was thriving, handling trade between Hamilton, Toronto and foreign cities. Chisholm left most of the development of Oakville to his son, Robert Kerr Chisholm and brother-in-law, Thomas Merrick. Oakville was declared a Port of Entry into Canada in 1834, with William Chisholm serving as the first Customs Inspector. George King Chisholm, became Oakville's first mayor following its incorporation as a town in 1857. In 1962, the surrounding townships of Trafalgar and Bronte were amalgamated to form the current Town of Oakville.
Oakville's first industries included ship-building, timber shipment, and wheat farming. In the 1850's, there was an economic recession the foundry, the most important industry in town, was closed. Basket-making became a major industry in Oakville. The Grand Trunk Railway was built through Oakville making it more assessable. Oakville became even more industrialized with the opening of Cities Service Canada, later BP Canada, now Petro Canada and Shell Canada oil refineries, the Procor factory, most importantly, Ford Motor Company's Canadian headquarters and plant, all close to the Canadian National Railway and the Queen Elizabeth Way highway between Toronto and Fort Erie. In 1962 Oakville merged with its neighbouring villages Bronte, Palermo, Sheridan, and Trafalgar Township to become the new Town of Oakville, reaching northwards to Steeles Avenue in Milton. In 1973, the restructuring of Halton County into Halton Region brought the northern border southwards to just north of the future Highway 407. Old Oakville is located in South-Central Oakville along the shore of Lake Ontario. It is the original Oakville Settlement centered on Oakville Harbour.
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